Robots, and other programmable systems, are playing a larger part in the way that architecture is constructed and used today. Robots are utilised to improve design efficiencies in buildings such as libraries, where robots support book retrieval systems - replacing the relentless book shelf with communal spaces for interaction. Many universities are conducting research into full-scale digital fabrication in architecture using industrial robots. These robots are being used to explore the development of once costly or unbuildable forms and their adaptation for larger-scale commercial use is being determined. For example, robot helicopters are being tested to lift and stack bricks.
The efficiency, precision, strength and speed of robots will allow architectural forms of unprecedented complexity and intricacy to be conceived of and designed. These new fabrication processes have potential to change the practice of architecture— from the design process, to the digital drawing and modeling phase, through to actual construction.